Trigger Point Injection

Trigger point injection (TPI) are used to treat intense pain in the muscles containing trigger points. Trigger points are tight bands or knots that are formed when the muscle fails to relax after the contraction. A trigger point may also cause referred pain (pain in another part of the body) by irritating the adjacent nerves. READ MORE

Medial Branch Block

Medical branch block is an injection of a local anesthetic near the medial branch nerves to temporarily block the pain signal carried from the facet joints of the spine to the brain. It is used to assist your physician in diagnosing the cause of your back pain. READ MORE

Radiofrequency of Ablation

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) also called rhizotomy or neurotomy is a novel non-surgical technique of treating pain. This technique employs radiofrequency waves to produce heat and the heat produced damage the nerves transmitting pain signal to the brain. This procedure is performed to treat painful facet joints in the spine that usually cause chronic low back pain and neck pain. READ MORE

Sympathetic Blocks

Sympathetic nerves, located in the lower spine, control basic functions such as regulating blood flow. They also carry pain signals from tissues to the spinal cord. Lumbar sympathetic block is an injection containing a local anesthetic and steroid, which is injected into or around the sympathetic nerves to block the transmission of pain impulses from the legs or lower back, thereby relieving pain. READ MORE

Spinal Injections

Spinal injections are used to inject medications into the painful/injured area of the spine. Spinal injections can be used to diagnose (diagnostic) the cause of pain as well as treat (therapeutic) it. There are different types of spinal injections, often referred to as spinal blocks. Medications are injected into different segments of your spinal column such as the epidural space, intervertebral space, nerve roots or facet joints, depending on your condition. READ MORE

Electromyography (EMG)

Nerves use electrical impulses to coordinate muscle movement in our bodies. Diseases affecting the muscles and nerves can result in abnormal electrical activity. READ MORE

Spinal Cord Stimulator

Spinal cord stimulation is used for the management of chronic pain in arms and legs that has not responded to conventional modalities of treatment. Specific segments of the spinal cord are stimulated through electrical signals, generated by a spinal cord stimulator, which may be associated with a slight prickling or tingling sensation. READ MORE

Epidural Steroid Injection – Caudal/Interlaminar/Transforaminal

Steroids are chemicals that are naturally present in our body. Synthetic steroids are generally used in the treatment of inflammatory conditions such as spinal disc injury and degenerative diseases among others. Epidural refers to the space outside the covering of the spinal cord and inside the spinal canal. The epidural space runs along the length of your spinal cord. Epidural steroid injection (ESI) is a minimally invasive method of delivering steroids to the spinal nerve through the epidural space. The epidural injection procedure is performed with the help of a fluoroscope (live X-ray). It is effectively used to target the direct source of the pain and reduce inflammation. The ESI can be delivered by translaminar, caudal or a transforaminal approach. READ MORE

Medical Marijuana

Medical marijuana is an extract of the marijuana plant that is used for medicinal purposes. Marijuana contains a large number of chemicals (cannabinoids), some of which produce a euphoric or pleasurable sensation. However, medical marijuana has a minimum amount of these chemicals. The two main cannabinoids are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). READ MORE


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