Low Back Pain
Low back pain is the pain felt in the lower back that may originate from muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine. Low back pain is one of the most common medical problems experienced by most people at some time in their life. People with low back pain may have difficulty to perform everyday activities. Low back pain can be acute usually lasting from few days to few weeks, or chronic lasting for more than three months.
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Cervical / Neck Pain
The Neck supports and assists in movement of the head. It is the most flexible part of the spine and consists of 7 cervical vertebrae, cervical segment of the spinal cord, spinal nerves, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Neck pain can be secondary to a problem affecting any of these structures.
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Upper and Mid Back Pain
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Joints are connections where two bones meet to provide support and mobility. Any damage to the joint and its surrounding tissues, due to disease or injury can interfere with movement and cause pain. Joint pain can be mild or debilitating, and can be either long term (chronic) or short term (acute) pain. Severe pain may cause swelling in the joints which may affect your quality of life. The most common joint pain is knee, shoulder and hip pain.
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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition characterized by severe pain, swelling and changes in the skin. It usually affects the arms, hands, legs or feet. It is also known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy or causalgia. It usually begins after trauma such as an injury to the tissue, bone or nerves of your limb. With early treatment, CRPS may be prevented from getting worse.
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Pain can be defined as a response to the damage of a tissue or organ of the body. Without pain, we wouldn’t know if there was a problem with our body. Pain can be categorized as nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain.
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Pain in any region of the head is called a headache. It may involve one or both sides of the head and may radiate to the neck and shoulders. You may experience dull pressure, a throbbing sensation or sharp pain that may last anywhere between an hour to days. In some cases it may indicate a serious underlying disease.
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The term osteoporosis means porous bones. Osteoporosis is a metabolic disorder characterized by progressive loss of bone mass making the bones increasingly weak and prone to fractures. In the initial stages it is undetected till the development of a fracture. Fractures of the hip, spine, leg, arm and wrist are more common in these patients, usually secondary to a fall. With the progression of the disease, the patient may experience low back and neck pain due to a fracture of the spinal vertebrae. In severe cases, osteoporosis may lead to a vertebral compression fracture resulting in a loss in overall height (around 6 inches) and a stooped back which is also known as dowager’s hump.
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Whiplash is a soft tissue injury to the neck, usually caused by sudden forceful jerk commonly occurring as a result of an automobile accident, sports injuries, or an accidental fall. Sometimes whiplash may also be referred to as neck strain, neck sprain or hyperextension injury.
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Sciatic nerve is the largest and longest nerve in the body. It originates in the lower back, runs along the hip and back of the leg and finally terminates in the foot.
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Spinal stenosis is the compression of spinal nerves caused by narrowing of spinal canal and it is one of the common causes of low back pain. The symptoms include back pain, burning or aching type of pain in buttocks that radiates to the legs (sciatica), weakness in the legs or “foot drop”. One of the causes for spinal stenosis is the ageing and other causes include Paget’s disease, achondroplasia, spinal tumors and spinal injuries. As age advances the chances of developing osteoarthritis, disc degeneration and thickening of ligaments may increase and these conditions cause spinal stenosis.
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Neuralgia is a sharp, stabbing severe pain felt along the path of an irritated or damaged nerve. Pain may occur anywhere in the body, but is most common in the neck and face. The pain may be triggered by nerve compression or injury, old age or an underlying disease such as diabetes, herpes zoster infection, HIV, syphilis and chronic renal insufficiency.
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